Saffron is a perennial plant that grows to a height of 30 cm, has purple flowers and has six petals, has three flags and its usable part is the end of the cream and stigma of the three
branches, which is called They know saffron. Saffron is a plant that has onions, which have brown shells. This plant has a fragrant smell and color and because of its great value, it has been called red gold.
Saffron mostly grows in southern Spain, southwestern Asia, and Southern Europe.
Saffron plant leaf specifications:
Saffron leaves are usually between 10 and 40 cm and sharp. It is dark on the leaves and is available in different models.
Different types of saffron:
Leaf thickness in different types of saffron, such as the Caspian, Zagros, White, Purple, and Joghasem varies from little to too much.
The color of the stigma varies greatly depending on the number of carotenoids and lycopene in the flower. It is seen from pale red to orange. Its stigmas have three branches and have 3 types: long, short, or equal. All three types can be found in Iran. The edges of the stigmas are folded, which is seen in many species of saffron. The color of the stigma at the bottom is white and the higher it goes, the redder it becomes.
Saffron has significant plant compounds that act as a plant antioxidant, has molecules that protect you against oxidative stress and free radicals, and the most significant antioxidants in it are Cronin, safranal, crocetin. Besides, camphor.
Crocin and crocetin contain carotenoid pigments that make saffron red. Both compounds may have antidepressant properties, improve inflammation, protect brain cells from progressive damage, reduce the reconciliation and help with weight loss. Research on this plant shows that it improves mood, memory, and learning ability, as well as protects your brain cells from oxidation, but the camphor found in saffron petals provides a compound that reduces Inflammation has anti-cancer, and anti-depressant properties.
This plant is called the spice of the sun, not only because of its distinct color but also because it is believed to lighten your mood, some studies show that saffron supplements are more significant than placebos They are effective in treating mild to moderate depression.
Daily consumption of 30-mg saffron has the same amount of imipramine, fluoxetine, and citalopram as it is found in common treatments for depression. Also, fewer people have shown side effects than other treatments.
While these findings are promising, more studies are needed before it can be recommended for antidepressant medication.
Saffron is rich in antioxidants that help neutralize harmful free radicals. Free radical damage has been linked to chronic diseases, such as cancer. Other studies have shown that saffron and its compounds selectively kill or suppress colon cancer cells while suppressing their growth. It leaves normal cells without damage and this effect is applied to cancer cells such as bone marrow, skin, lung, prostate, breast, cervix.
Also, other studies on saffron show that the main antioxidant in saffron makes cancer cells more sensitive to chemotherapy, but the plant’s anti-cancer effects on humans are feeble. Needs more.
Saffron can reduce weight and anorexia.
Snacking is a common habit among people that may put you at risk of weight gain, according to research, saffron may prevent snacking by suppressing appetite.
In an eight-week study, women who took saffron supplements felt fuller, ate fewer snacks than those who took other medications, and lost more weight than those in the other group. They had. However, scientists are not sure how saffron suppresses appetite and helps with weight loss. One theory is that saffron boosts your mood, which helps those who want to lose weight.
History of saffron:
While exporting saffron to many parts of the ancient world, the Iranians informed the Greeks, Romans, Chinese and Semitic Arabs about its characteristics. They also taught the Muslim nations around the Mediterranean how to grow this plant around the first to the fourth centuries. Saffron cultivation became common in North Africa and Andalusia (Islamic Spain) and Sangli (Sicily), and Iranian tribes such as the Rostamians played a major role in the evolution of saffron harvesting.
This plant has been used by humans for many years. Egyptian physicians, who in their time called them healers, used this spice to treat gastrointestinal diseases, and in ancient Roman times, this plant was used to treat upper respiratory problems, and they used to heal their wounds. But today, saffron is used as an anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory agent, and other uses in traditional medicine include the treatment of spasms, miscarriages, colds, fever, bronchitis, and insomnia.
What is saffron? Show the fact that since ancient times Iranians loved gold and saffron, so much so that in celebrations such as night celebrations, weddings, and festivals, they welcomed the steps of their guests with gold and saffron.
In some ceremonies, smoke, musk, and amber were used alone or together with saffron and rose extract. During the Achaemenid period, saffron was used to decorate bread and flavor foods. Saffron was sent to Greece and Rome. China later became a customer of Iranian saffron. Saffron cultivation became common in Qom during the Sassanid period and its quality became famous. Simultaneously, the use of expensive saffron paper became popular, but most of that dissolved saffron was used as writing ink.
The difficult method for harvesting the product belongs to saffron, which is why it is sold at high prices in different parts of the world. Harvesting saffron has several stages: we remove the stigmas, which are the red threads inside the flower, then dry it, and finally, we can use it. The use of this plant is usually to flavor and aromatize food, but many people use saffron for its many properties. In Ancient Greece, saffron was considered useful for boosting sexual desire, boosting mood, and improving memory.
Saffron is one of the plants that have a high price worldwide, but it also has many medicinal properties. This plant is cultivated in countries such as Iran, Italy, Egypt, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Pakistan, and Morocco. Saffron is an important non-oil export source of the country, approximately 75% of which is exported to countries every year. Exported such as India, UAE, and Europe.
Initially, Iran was the only exporter of red gold or saffron, but recently, many countries have entered the trade of this plant, in the new era, Spain gained a lot of power in saffron production and became a great competitor for Iran and an exporter. Saffron is considered and the UAE has become one of the largest exporters of red gold in the world without cultivating any saffron. Today, many countries are involved in this field, such as Afghanistan, India is among these countries.