Pistachio is a popular and tasty nut that has many properties.
This nut is a plant that has green and humans have been using it for a long time.
Pistachio kernels They have different colors
including yellow, green, a combination of green and yellow, etc.
Pistachios are almost small, their average length is two and a half centimeters and their diameter is approximately one centimeter, but to consume pistachios, we must first separate the hard shell from the seeds. One of the reasons why pistachios are popular is their excellent taste and more importantly their fragile and fun shells, which makes this special dish excellent for parties and friendly get-togethers.
The history of pistachios goes back to the Middle East and Central Asia, the pistachio tree where Iran is one of the largest producers of this product and has the best pistachios.
In the statistics taken in 2017, Iran is in the first place with the production of 500,000 tonnes of pistachios and the United States is in the second place with the production of 270,000 tonnes, followed by countries such as Turkmenistan, Russia, Turkey, and China.
Pistachios are good for weight loss
Eating pistachios can not only help maintain weight balance but can also help you lose weight. Instead of eating unhealthy snacks high in sugar, sodium, and harmful fats, it is best to eat pistachios.
Pistachios are a great supplement for those who follow slimming diets, also, research conducted by the School of Medicine (UCLA) showed that pistachios can have a positive effect on weight.
Pistachio kernels are good for lowering cholesterol
Iranian pistachios for export are a well-known cholesterol-lowering seed. Studies have shown that those who eat one to two servings of pistachios a day can lower their cholesterol levels, a 9 percent reduction in the number of people who eat one meal a day, while those who eat two servings a day of these nuts Exercise reduces cholesterol by up to 12%.
High cholesterol is one of the major causes of coronary heart disease.
Consumption of pistachios reduces cholesterol and prevents this dangerous disease.
Also, pistachios are rich in essential antioxidants for maintaining cardiovascular health.
The benefits of pistachio such as
Protein, fats and dietary fiber, amino acids, and carbohydrates.
Pistachios contain vitamins such as C, B6, K, A, choline, thiamine, folate, acid, and betaine.
These nuts contain minerals such as potassium, zinc, iron, copper, calcium, and sodium.
Among the possible health benefits of pistachios:
Pistachios contain unsaturated fatty acids and potassium and have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
This product reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Pistachios are high in fiber and minerals that help you control your blood sugar and blood pressure.
Due to the fiber and protein in this product, you will feel full longer than other nuts after eating it, and it may also help you eat less.
This fiber also works on bacteria good intestine has a positive effect.
Some studies show that eating pistachios reduces the amount of fat and sugar (glycemic index) in the blood and improves the flexibility of blood vessels.
The pistachio tree originates from West Asia, and archaeologists believe that pistachios have been a food item for 7000 BC.
They came to the United States in the mid-nineteenth century, and commercial production began in the 1970s.
California, Arizona, and New Mexico make up all US commercial pistachio products.
You can buy unpeeled, roasted, or salted pistachios.
The name of the pistachio tree when it entered Iran was in Persian (Pistaco) and then changed to (Pistachio) and since then pistachio orchards have been formed and one of the oldest cities in Iran in the cultivation of this product has been ferns, but After a while, it was cultivated in different parts of Iran, but before that, in the northeastern regions and areas bordering Afghanistan and Turkmenistan, there were forests on the wild of these nuts.
The two main countries in terms of pistachio exports and production are Iran and the United States so that approximately seventy to eighty percent of its annual production is in the hands of these two countries.
Most pistachio production in Iran is in Rafsanjan city and most American production is in California.
Many countries consume this product, but the largest annual consumption of this product in Turkey.
The five main producers of pistachios from 2009 to 2014 were Iran, the United States, Syria, Turkey, and the European Union.
Iran became the largest exporter of this product in the world by exporting 191,000 tonnes of pistachios in 2014, and the United States became the second-largest exporter of this product in 2014 with 138,000 tonnes. Turkey is the third-largest exporter of this product.
One thousand tonnes and its export reached third place in terms of exports.
Iranian exported pistachios are more enjoyable than other types of pistachios in the world, and due to the suitable climate of Iran, Iranian pistachios are of high quality.
This delicious product is famous worldwide and has a good market in most countries.
The naming of this product is usually based on Iranian pistachios such as Ahmad Aghaei, Akbari, Jumbo, Almond, and Hazelnut.
Types of Iranian pistachios
Akbari pistachio (super long pistachio)
Pistachio Ahmad Aghaei (Long Pistachio)
Hazelnut pistachio (round pistachio)
Kaleghoochi Pistachio (Jumbo Pistachio)
Almond pistachios (long row pistachios)
All types of pistachios are classified into three groups:
Naturally opened pistachios:
Used merely as a snack, it is roasted in the crust.
Open-skinned pistachios are mostly transported dry and raw and in bulk.
Raw dried pistachios have an almost indefinite shelf life if stored in moderately dry conditions.
The yield of open pistachio is about 53 to 58% depending on the type and seasonal fluctuations.
Pistachios are also exported in roasted form.
Uses snacks, desserts, foods, and…
Pistachios that are mechanically opened:
As you know, some pistachios that have open mouths are not opened naturally, but with the help of machines.
These are closed-skinned pistachios that are mechanically opened to form fully open pistachios.
The difference between them is that completely open pistachios weigh less than the shell.
Uses: Used as a snack
Closed shell pistachios:
This type of Iranian pistachio is naturally closed and has not yet been opened.
During the scaling process of closed-shell pistachios, the kernels are done mechanically, the product kernel is 46%-50%.
On average, 5% of Iranian pistachios are peeled, which is exported from Iran every year with an estimated value of more than $100 million.
The main market for this product is the Far East.
Uses Snacks, foods, and art.
Raw pistachios do not have much sodium (1 cup has approximately 1-mg sodium), but for roasted pistachios, which are often salty, it is not true, one cup of dried and salted pistachios has 526-mg sodium.
Too much sodium can lead to conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke